1. Section 2: Overview
  2. Key Topics for This Section
    • Part I: Scope of the Problem
    • Part II: Historical Responses
    • Part III: Current Research
    • Part IV: Implications
  3. Arrest Data
    • 4,240 arrests for youth–perpetrated forcible rapes
    • 18,300 arrests for other youth–perpetrated sex offenses
  4. Arrests by Gender
  5. Arrests: Adults vs. Juveniles
  6. Sex Crimes vs. Other Delinquency
    • 2.5 million juvenile arrests
      • Only 1% sex offenses
    • 1.7 million delinquency cases processed by juvenile courts
      • Only 1% sex offenses
  7. Catalysts Fueling Increased Awareness
    • Victimization data indicating juveniles as perpetrators
    • Adult sex offenders reporting adolescent onset
  8. Initial Growth in Literature
  9. The Field Over–Corrects
    • Non–abusive sexual behaviors labeled as sex offenses
    • Prepubescent children categorized as sex offenders
    • Unquestioned use of adult management strategies with youth
  10. Key Similarities
    • Harm to victims
    • Familiar persons vs. strangers
    • Under–detection, under–apprehension
    • Does not “just happen”
    • Cognitive distortions
    • Self–management, social competency deficits
    • Heterogeneity
    • Not just “sex offenders”
  11. Suggested Differences
    • Deviant interests, arousal
    • Psychopathy
    • “Normative” impulsivity
    • Environment
    • Trauma
    • Recidivism, outcomes
  12. Potential Subtypes: Worling (2001)
    • Antisocial/Impulsive
    • Unusual/Isolated
    • Overcontrolled/Reserved
    • Confident/Aggressive
  13. Potential Subtypes: Hunter et al. (2003, 2004)
    • Lifestyle delinquent
    • Adolescent onset, non–paraphilic
    • Early adolescent onset, paraphilic
  14. Implications
    • Disposition
    • Placement considerations
    • Assessment, treatment, supervision
    • Legislation
    • Victim needs and interests
  15. Summary
    • Critical issue to address
    • New and evolving field
    • Differ from adults
    • Heterogeneous group
    • Individualized, developmentally–responsive strategies

Overview Topic Slide