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Long Version
Section 4: Lecture Content and Teaching Notes
Sex Offender Specific Treatment in the Context of Supervision

2 hours


  1. Marshall, W.L., and Pithers. W. (1994). A reconsideration of treatment outcome with sexual offenders, Criminal Justice and Behavior 21 (1).

  2. English, K. (1996). "Does Sex Offender Treatment Work? Why Answering This Question Is So Difficult" in Managing Adult Sex Offenders: A Containment Approach. Edited by English, K., Pullen, S., and Jones, L. APPA.

  3. Marshall, W.L., and Barbaree, H.E. (1988). The long-term evaluation of a behavioral treatment program for child molesters, Behavioral Research and Therapy 26: 499-511.

  4. Ibid, 499-511.

  5. Marshall, W.L., Barbaree, H.E., and Eccles, A. (1991). Early onset and deviant sexuality in child molesters. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 6: 323-335.

  6. Marques, J.K., Day, D.M., Nelson, C., and West, M.A. (1993). Findings and recommendations from Californiaís experimental treatment program. In Hall, G.C.N., Hirschman, R., Graham, J.R., and Zaragoza, M.S. (eds.), Sexual Aggression: Issues in Etiology, Assessment and Treatment, Taylor and Francis Publishers, Washington, D.C.

  7. Marshall et al., 1991; Maletzky, B.M. (1991). Treating the Sexual Offender, Sage Publications, Newbury Park, CA.; Pithers, W., Martin, G. and Cumming, G. (1989). Vermont treatment program for sexual aggressors. In Laws, D.R. (ed.), Relapse Prevention with Sex Offenders, Guilford Press, New York, NY.

  8. Alexander, M.A. (1994). Sex Offender Treatment: A Response to the Furby, et al., 1989 Quasi Meta-analysis II, paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers, San Francisco, CA.

  9. Alexander, M.A. (1999). Sex offender treatment efficacy revisited. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment 11, 101-116.

  10. Furby, L., Weinrott, M.R., & Blackshaw, L. (1989). Sex offender redicivism: A review. Psychological Bulletin 105, 3-30. United States General Accounting Office. (1996). Sex offender treatment: Research inconclusive about what works to reduce recidivism. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Crime, Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives (GAO/GGD-96-137). Washington, DC: Author.

  11. DíAmora, D. Presentation at CSOM Training at the American Probation and Parole Association Institute. New York, NY.

  12. Grossman, L.S., Martis, B., & Fichtner, C.G. Are sex offenders treatable? A research overview. Psychiatric Services 50, 349-361.

  13. Gallagher, C.A., Wilson, D.B., Hirschfield, P., Coggeshall, M.B., & MacKenzie, D.L. (1999). A quantitative review of the effects of sex offender treatment on sexual re-offending. Corrections Management Quarterly 3(4), 19-29.

  14. Polizzi, D.M., MacKenzie, D.L., & Hickman, L.J. (1999) What works in adult sex offender treatment? A review of prison- and non-prison-based treatment programs. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 43, 357-374.

  15. Hall, G.C.N. (1995). Sex offender recidivism revisited: A meta-analysis of recent treatment studies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 63 (5), 802-809.

  16. Quinsey, V.L.; Harris, G.T.; Rice, M.E.; Lalumiere, M.L. (1993) Assessing the treatment efficacy in outcome studies of sex offenders. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. Vol 8(4), 512-523; Salter, A. C. (1988) Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.; Lanyon, R. I. (1986) Theory and treatment in child molestation. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology 54(2), Apr 1986, 176-182.

  17. Knopp, F.H. (1995). Building bridges: Working together to understand and prevent sexual abuse. Sexual Abuse: Journal of Research & Treatment 7(3), 231-238; Freeman-Longo, R.E.; Knopp, F.H. (1992). State-of-the-art sex offender treatment: Outcome and issues. Annals of Sex Research 5(3), 141-160.

  18. Sinclair, L. Treatment of Sex Offenders. Center for Sex Offender Management (in press).

  19. Romero, J.J.; Williams, L.M. (1983) Group psychotherapy and intensive probation supervision with sex offenders: A comparative study. Federal Probation 47(4), 36-42; Romero, J.J; Williams, L.M. (1985). Recidivism among convicted sex offenders: A 10-year followup study. Federal Probation 49(1), 58-64; Williams, L.M; Farrell, R.A. (1990). Legal response to child sexual abuse in day care. Criminal Justice & Behavior 17(3), 284-302.

  20. Hepburn, J. and Scott, L. (2000). An analysis of risk factors contributing to the recidivism of sex offenders released to the community. Unpublished raw data. National Institute of Justice grant 96-CE-VX-0014.

  21. Colorado Sex Offender Management Board. (1999). Standards and Guidelines for the Assessment, Evaluation, Treatment and Behavioral Monitoring of Adult Sex Offenders. Colorado Department of Public Safety, Denver, CO. "The provider shall employ treatment methods that give priority to the safety of an offenderís victim(s) and the safety of potential victims and the community," 28.

  22. McGrath, R.J. (ed). (1995). Vermont Clinical Practices Guide for the Assessment and Treatment of Adult Sex Offenders. Vermont Center for Prevention and Treatment of Sex Offenders, Burlington, VT.

  23. Maricopa County Adult Probation, Sex Offender Supervision Operations Manual, Appendix D, 5.

  24. Ibid. and Colorado Sex Offender Management Board, 14.

  25. Ibid.

  26. Ethical Standards and Principles for the Management of Sexual Abusers. (1997). The Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers, 52-57.