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Section 1: Lecture Content and Teaching Notes
Supervision of Sex Offenders in the Community: An Overview

2 hours, 15 minutes


  1. Greenfeld, L.A. (1997). Sex Offenses and Offenders: An Analysis of Data on Rape and Sexual Assault. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Washington, D.C., cover page of document.

  2. Alexander, M.A. (1999). "Sexual Offender Treatment Efficacy Revisited." Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 11(2), 101-116. One of the most important characteristics of emerging supervision practice is the inclusion of offense-specific treatment as a part of the supervision strategy. There is empirical basis to conclude that such treatment has demonstrated an impact upon the likelihood of re-offense for sexual offending.

  3. Kilpatrick, D., Edmonds, C., & Seymour, A. (1992). Rape in America: A Report to the Nation. Charleston: National Victim Center and Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center, Medical University of South Carolina, 1.

  4. Russell, D. (1984). Sexual Exploitation. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

  5. Tjaden, P., and Thoennes, N. (1998). Prevalence, Incidence, and Consequences of Violence Against Women: Findings From the National Violence Against Women Survey. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice; and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 3.

  6. Rape in America, 1.

  7. Kilpatrick, D.G. and Saunders, B.E. (1997). Prevalence and Consequences of Child Victimization: Results from the National Survey of Adolescents, Final Report. U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.

  8. Rape in America, 4.

  9. National Survey of Adolescents.

  10. Rape in America, 6.

  11. Archambault, J., Detective Sergeant, Sex Crimes Unit, San Diego Police Department, San Diego, CA.(2000). Presentation to the National Center for Women and Policing: Unfounded Allegations of Sexual Assault. Chicago, IL.

  12. Rape in America, 4.

  13. Darke, J. L. (1990). Sexual Aggression: Achieving Power through Humiliation, in Handbook of Sexual Assault: Issues, Theories, and Treatment of the Offender, W.L. Marshall, D.R. Laws, and H.E. Barbaree (eds.). Plenum Press, New York, NY, 60.

  14. Burgess, A.W. and Holmstrom, L.L. (1974). "Rape Trauma Syndrome." American Journal of Psychiatry, 131/9, 981-985.

  15. Rape in America, 8.

  16. DíAmora, D. (1999). Center Director: Special Services, Center for the Treatment of Problem Sexual Behavior. Presentation during the training program In Defense of the Community: Effective Community-Based Responses to Sex Offenders. Westchester County, NY.

  17. Groth, A.N. (1999). Men Who Rape: The Psychology of the Offender. New York: Plenum Press.

  18. The Center for Sex Offender Managementís Glossary of Terms Used in the Management and Treatment of Sexual Offenders defines the term grooming as: "The process of manipulation often utilized by child molesters, intended to reduce a victimís or potential victimís resistance to sexual abuse. Typical grooming activities include gaining the childís trust or gradually escalating boundary violations of the childís body in order to desensitize the victim to further abuse."

  19. Op. Cit., DíAmora.

  20. The CSOM Glossary defines exhibitionism as "exposing one's genitalia to others for purposes of sexual arousal" and voyeurism as "observing unsuspecting individuals, usually strangers, who are naked, in the act of dressing or undressing, or engaging in sexual activities." Both are listed under "Paraphilias."

  21. Dangerous Sex Offenders: A Task Force Report of the American Psychiatric Association. (1999). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association, 44-50.

  22. Abel, G., Becker, J., Mittelman, M., Cunningham-Rathern, J., Rouleau, J., and Murphy, W. (1987). Self-reported Sex Crimes of Nonincarcerated Paraphiliacs.

  23. English, K., Research Director, Colorado Department of Public Safety. (1998). Presentation to The Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers: Crossover: The Value of the Polygraph. Vancouver, Canada.

  24. English, K., Pullen S., and Jones, L. (1996). Managing Adult Sex Offenders: A Containment Approach. American Probation and Parole Association. Lexington, KY, 2-8.

  25. Ibid., 2-14.