A Project of the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice

Short Version
Section 4: An Overview of Sex Offender Treatment for a Non–Clinical Audience
A National Perspective on the Current State of Practice
30 Minutes

Lecture Topic TOPIC: COMMUNITY SEX OFFENDER TREATMENT
(3 Minutes)

Use SlideUse Slide #5: Community vs. Residential Treatment Programs for Adult Males

Use SlideUse Slide #6: State Correctional Treatment Programs

Use SlideUse Slide #7: Adult Male Sex Offender Community Treatment

Community vs. Residential Treatment Programs for Adult Males

As you can see from this next slide, more than four out of five sex offender treatment programs for males in North America are community–based rather than residential. Further, while residential programs comprise only a fraction of all treatment programs, most residential programs are located in prisons.

It should be noted that most states do offer some form of treatment in their institutions. In a study that focused on institutional sex offender treatment programs, the Colorado Department of Corrections surveyed the 50 states to find out about their prison–based programs. Responses were received from 43 states and the District of Columbia. Findings indicated that in the year 2000, 39 states had sex offender treatment programs in their institutions and 30 of these had wait lists for program entry. The number of sex offenders that could be treated in these programs ranged from 70 to 1,200. Most of these programs’ duration lasted longer than one year. Additionally, 12 states require treatment for some categories of sex offenders.

Adult Male Sex Offender Community Treatment

This next slide highlights the survey findings relating to community–based sex offender treatment.

Not surprisingly, the most frequently used intervention method in community–based sex offender treatment is cognitive–behavioral treatment. Treatment duration averages two to three years, with treatment sessions typically lasting just under an hour for individual treatment and 90 minutes for group treatment. The cost of treatment in 2002 was $45-$87 per hour for individual therapy and $23-$43 per hour for group therapy. Two-thirds of the treatment providers offered a sliding fee scale for those who could not afford full fees.

Although the 2000 Safer Society survey does not include information about treatment setting, the previous Safer Society survey (Burton et al., 1996) does shed light on group treatment as the treatment setting of choice among sex offender treatment providers.

Treatment Methods Adult Programs (N=528)
Private practice 73%
Community mental health 19%
Other 13%

 

Residential Programs Adult Programs (N=92)
Prison 55%
Civil commitment center 15%
Residential treatment 13%

Use SlideUse Slide #8: Number of Community and Residential Treatment Programs for Adults Compared to Programs for Adolescents and Children

Number of Community and Residential Treatment Programs for Adults Compared to Programs for Adolescents and Children

When looking at both community and residential treatment programs, there were 410 such programs for children with sexual behavior problems, 937 programs for adolescents who committed sexual assaults, and 951 programs for adult sex offenders.